Constipation: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Methods

Constipation is a common problem with the digestive system and can affect many people’s daily lives. Constipation occurs as a result of decreased defecation habit and hardening of the stool . This can cause the person to go to the toilet less than three times a week.

Constipation can often cause discomfort and pain and cause symptoms that spread to the lower back and abdomen . However, constipation has not only physical effects, but also psychological and social effects. Therefore, it is important to know about constipation, recognize the symptoms and learn the right treatment methods.

In this article, we will address the issue of constipation and tell you about the symptoms , causes and treatment methods of constipation . We will also share how you can cope with constipation and lifestyle tips for healthy bowel movements .

Constipation can often be managed with simple precautions and lifestyle changes. However, in some cases, it can be a symptom of a serious underlying medical problem. That’s why it’s important to see a healthcare professional if you’re experiencing symptoms of severe or prolonged constipation.

Are you ready?

So, read on to learn more about constipation!


What is Constipation?

Definition and common symptoms of constipation: Constipation is the condition of decreasing defecation habit and hardening of stool caused by digestive system problems. Some symptoms of this condition can be:

  • Less than three toilet habits per week
  • Feeling of strain or pain during defecation
  • Hard or dry stools
  • Abdominal bloating and gas problems

Description of the discomfort and pain associated with constipation: Constipation can cause discomfort and pain due to the pressure and tension caused by the stool accumulating in the intestines. Stool accumulating, especially in the large intestine, can contribute to pain radiating to the lower back area. This pain can often be felt as pressure, tension, or cramping.

Constipation Causes:

Nutritional factors: Effect of low fiber diet:

  • Insufficient fiber intake can lead to hard stools and constipation. Fibrous foods regulate bowel movements, making stool softer. The role of insufficient fluid intake:
  • When the body does not get enough water, stool becomes hard. Adequate fluid consumption helps stool to pass more easily.

Lifestyle factors: Inactivity and irregular exercise:

  • Decreased physical activity and a sedentary lifestyle can slow bowel movements and increase the risk of constipation. The effect of stress on constipation:
  • Stress can have a negative effect on the digestive system. Due to stress, bowel movements may slow down and constipation may occur.

Other factors: Pregnancy or hormonal changes:

  • Hormonal changes and uterine enlargement during pregnancy can cause slowing of bowel movements and constipation. Potential for some medications to cause constipation:
  • Certain medications, particularly opioid pain relievers, antidepressants, and iron supplements, can increase the risk of constipation. Effect of spinal or brain injuries:
  • Spinal or brain injuries can cause disturbances in nerve conduction and affect bowel movements, leading to constipation.

Symptoms Related to Constipation

  1. Decreased defecation continuity:
    • Having fewer than three toilet habits per week.
    • Experiencing a marked reduction in defecation frequency.
  2. Difficulty defecating or feeling of complete emptying:
    • Spending a long time on the toilet and having difficulty.
    • Having a feeling that the stool is not fully emptied.
  3. Abdominal bloating and gas complaints:
    • Abdominal bloating, fullness or discomfort.
    • Experiencing frequent flatulence or accumulation of gas.
  4. Relationship between lower back pain and constipation:
    • Constipation can cause pain in the lower back area.
    • Straining bowel movements can trigger lower back pain.

Constipation Treatment Methods:

  1. Increasing fibrous foods and water consumption:
    • Consuming fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes that contain adequate amounts of fiber.
    • Increasing the daily water intake and meeting the body’s need for sufficient amount of fluid.
  2. Regular physical activity and exercise recommendations:
    • Avoiding a sedentary lifestyle and exercising regularly.
    • Activities such as walking, jogging, yoga can promote bowel movements.
  3. Tips for organizing toilet habits:
    • Not delaying the need for the toilet and establishing a regular defecation schedule.
    • To provide a comfortable environment for defecation and not to rush.
  4. Use of enemas and laxatives for short-term treatment:
    • Using emergency treatments such as enemas or laxatives only under the direction of a doctor.
    • Keeping in mind that these treatments can lead to addiction with long-term use.
  5. Further treatment options under the supervision of a doctor:
    • In case of prolonged and severe constipation, consult a healthcare professional.
    • Considering medications, prescription laxatives, or other treatment options your doctor has recommended.

Prevention and Lifestyle Recommendations:

  1. The importance of a healthy diet in preventing constipation:
    • Consuming fibrous foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes to increase your daily fiber intake.
    • Avoiding refined carbohydrates and processed foods.
  2. Increasing fluid intake and regular drinking habits:
    • Drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day and meeting the body’s need for fluid.
    • Limiting the consumption of alcoholic and caffeinated beverages.
  3. Establishing an exercise routine and increasing mobility:
    • Exercising regularly and incorporating physical activity into your life.
    • Trying exercises that strengthen the abdominal muscles as well as aerobic activities such as walking, jogging, cycling.
  4. Stress management techniques and relaxation methods:
    • Practicing meditation, yoga, deep breathing or relaxation techniques to reduce stress.
    • Engaging in hobbies, seeking social support, and making time for activities aimed at reducing daily stress.
  5. Adopting the right toilet habits:
    • Not delaying the need for the toilet and establishing a regular defecation schedule.
    • Using a stool when necessary to find a comfortable position on the toilet.

We hope this article helped you with constipation. Dealing with constipation can be challenging and uncomfortable at times, but by taking the right steps and acting under the guidance of your doctor, you can solve this problem.

Remember, every body is different and everyone’s experience of constipation may be different. If constipation is persistent or severe, or if your symptoms are accompanied by other health problems, it is important to consult a healthcare professional.

It is important to pay attention to your diet, increase water consumption, exercise regularly and try to stay away from stress for healthy bowel movements and regular toilet habits. Remember, the greatest responsibility for protecting your own health is in your hands.

We wish you healthy days!


Leave a Comment